First International Conference on Swine Housing
Des Moines, IA
Comparative tests were conducted in an environment-controlled farrowing room (21 ° C, 70 ° F) to determine the choice of mat heat vs. lamp heat by piglets in farrowing crates. Two widened farrowing crates (2.40 × 2.13 m, 8 × 7 ft.) were used, each equipped with two double-size heat mats (0.6 × 1.2 m or 2 × 4 ft, 120 W capacity each). One mat was powered to provide the localized heat, while the other simply served as a floor mat with a 175 W heat lamp suspended 76 cm above it for the localized heat. Both heat sources were placed along one side of the sow, hence one mat was closer to the rear end of the sow than the other. Location of the heat source showed a profound effect on its choice by the piglets, with the one near the rear end being clearly preferred regardless of its type. Lamp heat was used significantly more than mat heat for the first two days after birth. Surface temperatures of piglets and heat sources were quantified. In particular, surface temperature of piglets under the heat lamp decreased linearly with the distance between the piglets and the center of the heat source, ranging from 39.4 to 33.4 ° C (103 to 92 ° F).
American Society of Agricultural Engineers
Zhang, Qiang and Xin, Hongwei, "Effects of Creep Heat Type and Location on Its Usage by Piglets in Farrowing Crates" (2000). Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations. 160.