Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-2003

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Animal Science

Volume

81

Issue

7

First Page

1663

Last Page

1679

Abstract

Performance of finishing pigs in hoop structures or confinement during winter and summer was evaluated in Iowa. Hoops are large, tent-like shelters with cornstalks or straw for bedding. During summer and winter seasons for 3 yr (1998 to 2001), six trials were conducted using three hoop barns (designed for 150 pigs per pen, one pen per hoop) or a mechanically ventilated confinement barn with slatted floors (designed for 22 pigs per pen, six pens in the barn). A total of 3,518 pigs started the trials. Summer trials were June through October, and winter trials were December through April. Target stocking density was 1.11 m2/pig in hoops and 0.74 m2/pig in confinement. Identical corn-based diets were fed ad libitum from 16 to 118 kg for 127 d. Pigs were scanned before harvest for backfat and loin muscle area. When seasons were merged (season × housing interaction, P ≥ 0.05), hoop-fed pigs had more backfat (21.8 ± 0.3 vs 20.8 ± 0.2 mm; P < 0.001), smaller loin muscle area (41.3 ± 0.3 vs 43.0 ± 0.2 cm2; P < 0.001), less lean percentage (51.1 ± 0.2 vs 52.1 ± 0.1%;P < 0.001), and less yield (74.9 vs 75.8 ± 0.1%; P < 0.001) than confinement-fed pigs. When season × housing type interactions were observed (P < 0.004), summer hoop-fed pigs had greater ADG (834 ± 5 vs 802 ± 3 g/d; P < 0.001), required fewer days to 113 kg (174.9 ± 0.9 vs 178.5 ± 0.6 d; P < 0.01), had similar ADFI (2.40 ± 0.03 vs 2.35 ± 0.02 kg/d, as-fed basis) and gain:feed (G:F; 348 ± 4 vs 342 ± 3 g/kg) compared with confinement-fed pigs. Lean gain/day and efficiency of lean gain did not differ between housing systems. During winter, hoop-fed pigs had similar ADG (794 ± 5 vs 801 ± 3 g/d), required more days to 113 kg (176.7 ± 0.9 vs 172.9 ± 0.6 d; P < 0.01), had greater ADFI (2.54 ± 0.03 vs 2.35 ± 0.02; P < 0.001), less G:F (313 ± 4 vs 341 ± 3; P < 0.001), less lean gain/day (312 ± 2 vs 322 ± 1 g/d; P < 0.01), and less efficiency of lean gain (130 ± 2 vs 144 ± 1 g lean gain/kg feed; P < 0.01) than confinement-fed pigs. Percentage of mortalities and culls did not differ between housing systems. During summer, there was a trend for fewer light pigs at marketing (< 100 kg) from hoops (0.8 vs 1.7%; P = 0.10). During winter, there were more light pigs at marketing from hoops (3.9 vs 1.3%; P = 0.01) than from confinement. Bedding use in hoops was 92 and 122 kg/pig for summer and winter, respectively. Performance of finishing pigs in bedded hoop structures depends in part on thermal environment.

Comments

This article is from Journal of Animal Science 81, no. 7 (July 2003): 1663–1670.

Copyright Owner

American Society of Animal Science

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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