Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

9-2010

Journal or Book Title

Atmospheric Environment

Volume

44

Issue

29

First Page

3538

Last Page

3546

DOI

10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.06.009

Abstract

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from poultry production are leading source of air quality problems. However, little is known about the speciation and levels of VOCs from poultry production. The objective of this study was the speciation of VOCs from a poultry facility using evacuated canisters and sorbent tubes. Samples were taken during active poultry production cycle and between production cycles. Levels of VOCs were highest in areas with birds and the compounds in those areas had a higher percentage of polar compounds (89%) compared to aliphatic hydrocarbons (2.2%). In areas without birds, levels of VOCs were 1/3 those with birds present and compounds had a higher total percentage of aliphatic hydrocarbons (25%). Of the VOCs quantified in this study, no single sampling method was capable of quantifying more than 55% of compounds and in several sections of the building each sampling method quantified less than 50% of the quantifiable VOCs. Key classes of chemicals quantified using evacuated canisters included both alcohols and ketones, while sorbent tube samples included volatile fatty acids and ketones. The top five compounds made up close to 70% of VOCs and included: 1) acetic acid (830.1 μg m−3); 2) 2,3-butanedione (680.6 μg m−3); 3) methanol (195.8 μg m−3); 4) acetone (104.6 μg m−3); and 5) ethanol (101.9 μg m−3). Location variations for top five compounds averaged 49.5% in each section of the building and averaged 87% for the entire building.

Comments

This article is from Atmospheric Environment 44, no. 29 (September 2010): 3538–3546, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.06.009.

Access

Open

Rights

Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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