Journal or Book Title
The objective of this experiment was to describe the stability of airborne infectious porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) as a function of temperature and relative humidity. A cloud of infectious PRRSV was aerosolized using 24-jet Collison nebulizer into a dynamic aerosoltoroid (DAT) maintained at a specific temperature and relative humidity. The PRRSV cloud within the DAT was sampled repeatedly over time using SKC BioSampler impingers and the total viral RNA (RT-PCR) and concentration of infectious PRRSV (TCID in the air samples was determined. As measured by quantitative RT-PCR, PRRSV RNA was stable under the conditions evaluated in this study. Thus, a comparison of viral RNA and Rhodamine B dye, a physical tracer, found no significant difference in the slopes of the lines. Titers of infectious virus were plotted by time and the half-life (1/2) of infectious PRRSV was calculated using linear regression analysis. An analysis of the results showed that aerosolized PRRSV was more stable at lower temperatures and/or lower relative humidity, but temperature had a greater effect on the 1/2 of PRRSV than relative humidity. Based on these results, an equation was derived to predict the 1/2 of infectious airborne PRRSV for any combination of environmental temperature and relative humidity.
INRA, EDP Sciences
Hermann, Joseph R.; Hoff, Steven J.; Munoz-Zanzi, Claudia; Yoon, Kyoung-Jin; Roof, Micahel; Burkhardt, Anna; and Zimmerman, Jeffrey J., "Effect of temperature and relative humidity on the stability ofinfectious porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus in aerosols" (2007). Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications. 369.