Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1997

Journal or Book Title

Transactions of the ASAE

Volume

40

Issue

3

First Page

605

Last Page

604

Research Focus Area(s)

Land and Water Resources Engineering

DOI

10.13031/2013.21319

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of various water-table management (WTM) practices on the concentrations of two surface-applied herbicides, atrazine and alachlor, in a shallow groundwater system. Groundwater samples were collected by installing piezometers and suction tubes at Iowa State University’s research centers near Ames and Ankeny during three corn-growing seasons, 1989-1991. At the Ames site, experiments were conducted by maintaining constant water-table depths (WTD) of 0.3, 0.6, and 0.9 m in nine field-type lysimeters, and groundwater samples were collected from various depths during the corn-growing seasons. At the Ankeny site, a dualpipe subirrigation system was installed on a 0.85 ha field, and variable water-table depths were maintained. Analysis of water samples collected in 1989, 1990, and 1991 clearly indicates that atrazine and alachlor concentrations in groundwater could be substantially reduced by maintaining shallow WTD during the growing season. It was also observed that atrazine concentrations were higher than those of alachlor. Alachlor was not detected in many samples; however, atrazine was detected in all samples, with high concentrations at the Ames site at the 0.9 m WTD, and at the Ankeny site at deeper WTD. Pesticide concentrations in groundwater decreased with soil depth and time. Results of this study suggest a positive influence of WTM practices in reducing pesticide concentrations in groundwater.

Comments

This article is from Transactions of the ASAE 40 (1997): 605–614, doi:10.13031/2013.21319. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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