Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2010

Journal or Book Title

Transactions of the ASABE

Volume

53

Issue

6

First Page

1921

Last Page

1927

Research Focus Area(s)

Biological and Process Engineering and Technology

DOI

10.13031/2013.35791

Abstract

This article presents the biochemical methane potential (BMP) results from the anaerobic digestion (AD) of switchgrass. Triplicate BMP assays were performed on: untreated switchgrass, aqueous ammonia soaking (AAS) pretreated switchgrass (soaked in 29.5% reagent-grade aqueous ammonia at 5 L kg-1 switchgrass for 5 d), and AAS-pretreated switchgrass plus cellulytic enzymes at 12.5, 25, 62.5, and 125 filter paper units (FPU) enzyme g-1 volatile solids (VS). Biogas production and biogas methane content were measured daily in all treatments for 21 d. Both biogas and corrected methane production varied significantly among treatments, especially during the first 7 d of the BMP period. Total methane production at 21 d was corrected for enzyme degradation, and methane yields ranged from 0.15 to 0.36 m3 CH4 kg-1 VS. We compared the corrected energy yield of biogas from switchgrass to prior reports of the energy yield of ethanol from switchgrass via simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF). The AD of AAS-pretreated switchgrass at the highest enzyme loading rates resulted in a 120% increase in energy extracted as compared to AAS-pretreated switchgrass converted to ethanol via SSF. Overall, the addition of enzymes to AAS-pretreated switchgrass greatly accelerated the rate of methane production over the untreated switchgrass and AAS-pretreated switchgrass without enzymes. However, the process economics are not clear, and additional work is needed to determine whether pretreating switchgrass with aqueous ammonia and/or enzymes before AD is economically advantageous.

Comments

This article is from Transactions of the ASABE, 53, no. 6 (2010): 1921–1927.

Copyright Owner

American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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