Title

Aerobic Oxidation of Cyclic Amines to Lactams Catalyzed by Ceria-Supported Nanogold

Publication Date

11-2016

DOI

10.1007/s10562-016-1834-2

Journal Title

Catalysis Letters

Volume Number

146

Issue Number

11

First Page

2278

Last Page

2291

Abstract

The oxidative transformation of cyclic amines to lactams, which are important chemical feedstocks, is efficiently catalyzed by CeO2-supported gold nanoparticles (Au/CeO2) and Aerosil 200 in the presence of an atmosphere of O2. The complete conversion of pyrrolidine was achieved in 6.5 h at 160 °C, affording a 97 % yield of the lactam product 2-pyrrolidone (γ-butyrolactam), while 2-piperidone (δ-valerolactam) was synthesized from piperidine (83 % yield) in 2.5 h. Caprolactam, the precursor to the commercially important nylon-6, was obtained from hexamethyleneimine in 37 % yield in 3 h. During the oxidation of pyrrolidine, two transient species, 5-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrrole (amidine-5) and 4-amino-1-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)butan-1-one, were observed. Both of these compounds were oxidized to 2-pyrrolidone under catalytic conditions, indicating their role as intermediates in the reaction pathway. In addition to the reactions of cyclic secondary amines, Au/CeO2 also efficiently catalyzes the oxidation of N-methyl cyclic tertiary amines to the corresponding lactams at 80 and 100 °C.

Publisher

Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)

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