Animal Industry Report

Extension Number

ASL R2390


Animal Products

Summary and Implications

Beef rounds aged for one, two, or three weeks after slaughtering were ground added with 0.05% ascorbic acid + 0.01% α-tocopherol or 0.05% ascorbic acid + 0.01% α- tocopherol + 0.01% sesamol, placed on Styrofoam trays and wrapped with oxygen permeable plastic film, and treated with electron beam irradiation at 0 or 2.5 kGy. The meat samples were displayed under fluorescent light for 7 d at 4° C. Color, lipid oxidation, and volatiles were determined at 0, 3, and 7 d of storage. Irradiation increased lipid oxidation of ground beef regardless of their aging time and storage period. As aging time increased lipid oxidation increased. Adding sesamol increased the effectiveness of ascorbate and tocopherol combination in reducing lipid oxidation especially as aging and storage time increased. The redness of beef were decreased by irradiation and adding ascorbic acid and α-tocopherol before irradiation was effective in maintaining the redness of irradiated ground beef over the storage period. Volatile aldehydes increased only in irradiated control beef. Antioxidant treatments were effective in reducing aldehydes in ground beef during storage.

Copyright Holder

Iowa State University