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Animal Industry Report

Extension Number

ASL R2732

Topic

Swine

Summary and Implications

The objective of this experiment was to determine pigs’ location in their home pen in relation to an unknown female observer. A total of 79 pens housing 1,817 ~6 wk old mixed sexed nursery pigs were used. An approachability test defined by Fangman et al. (2010) was used. The length of the nursery pen was measured with the Adobe Photoshop ruler tool from the pen gate located directly behind the midpoint of the observer’s back (defined as the dorsal medial point) to the opposite end of the pen 20 cm from the floor. A transparency was taped to the computer monitor and the home pen was divided into thirds and fourths. Pigs were then counted within the lines. A pig was considered in a section if both eyes and at least one complete ear were in front of the line. These results will be presented descriptively. Fewer pigs were in the section closest to the observer (6.4% vs. 2.7 %; Figure 1) when the pen was divided into fourths. Pigs included in these closest sections to the observer were most likely to be classified as approaching. Regardless of how pens were divided up, more pigs were located in the furthest section away from the human observer (52.9 and 41.8% respectively; Figure 2). The observer noted portioning the pen into fourths provided greater pig location accuracy. For example when the pen was sectoioned into thirds, a toal of 15 pigs could not be clearly alloacted to a section compared to only four pigs when the pen was divided into fourths. In conclusion dividing the pen into fewer sections resulted in a higher percentage of pigs being classified as approaching the observer, however the accuracy of being able to place pigs into sections was harder when the pen was divided into thirds.

Copyright Holder

Iowa State University

Language

en

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