Summary and Implications
Egg yolk phosvitin is one of the most phosphorylated proteins in nature, and thus has a strong metal-binding ability. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic and antigenotoxic activities of phosvitin in vitro. Using the MTT assay, the cytotoxicity of phosvitin was evaluated in human cancer cell lines of various tissue origins, including the cervix (HeLa), breast (MCF-7), stomach (AGS), lung (A549 and SK-MES-1), liver (HepG2), and larynx (Hep-2). The growth of all cancer cell lines was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by phosvitin. Among the cancer cell lines tested, MCF-7 and SK-MES-1 were the least sensitive and HeLa, AGS, and HepG2 were the most sensitive to phosvitin. The IC50 values of phosvitin were 5.38, 11.57, 4.78, 6.98, 11.82, 3.93, and 9.97 mg/mL for HeLa, MCF-7, AGS, A549, SK-MES-1, HepG2, and Hep-2, respectively. The protective effects of phosvitin against DNA damage in human leukocytes indicated that phosvitin showed protective effects against the oxidative stress-induced DNA damages in human leukocytes. These results suggested that phosvitin has a high potential to be used as an anticancer agent for humans.
Iowa State University
Hoon, Sunhee and Ahn, Dong U.
"Cytotoxic and Antigenotoxic Activities of Phosvitin From Egg Yolk,"
Animal Industry Report:
AS 662, ASL R3103.
Available at: http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/ans_air/vol662/iss1/64