Campus Units

Anthropology

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

2006

Journal or Book Title

The Feeding Ecology of Great Apes and other Primates

First Page

161

Last Page

182

Abstract

Chimpanzees are commonly known as ripe fruit specialists (Goodall, 1968, 1986; Hladik, 1977, 1977, 1979; Nishida, 1990; Matsumoto-Oda & Hayashi, 1997; Tutin et al., 1997; Wrangham et al., 1998; Newton-Fisher, 1999; Balcomb et al., 2000; Basabose, 2002), and this dietary emphasis is thought to be a major factor influencing their fission-fusion social organization

(Wrangham, 1979; Sugiyama & Koman, 1992; Wrangham, 2000; NewtonFisher et al., 2000; Mitani et al., 2002; Lehmann & Boesch, 2004). In order to maximize their utilization of ripe fruit resources, which are generally described as patchy and variable in size (e.g., Ghiglieri, 1984 ), chimpanzee subgroups or parties fluctuate in size and individual make-up in response to resources. Presence of estrous females also influences the size and composition of chimpanzee parties, and this effect has been found to equate with food availability at some sites or even to surpass it (Goodall, 1986; Sakura, 1994; Boesch, 1996; Newton-Fisher et al., 2000; Anderson et al., 2002; Mitani et al., 2002).

Comments

This is a chapter from The Feeding Ecology of Great Apes and other Primates (Cambridge Studies in Biological & Evolutionary Anthropology). C. Boesch, G. Hohmann, M. Robbins, eds., Cambridge Univ. Press (2006).

Copyright Owner

Cambridge University Press

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Published Version

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