Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Roy J. Carver Department of, Baker Center for Bioinformatics and Biological Statistics
Journal or Book Title
Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
One important problem in computational structural biology is protein designability, that is, why protein sequences are not random strings of amino acids but instead show regular patterns that encode protein structures. Many previous studies that have attempted to solve the problem have relied upon reduced models of proteins. In particular, the 2D square and the 3D cubic lattices together with reduced amino acid alphabet models have been examined extensively and have lead to interesting results that shed some light on evolutionary relationship among proteins. Here we perform designability studies on the 2D square lattice and explore the effects of variable overall shapes on protein designability using a binary hydrophobic-polar (HP) amino acid alphabet. Because we rely on a simple energy function that counts the total number of H-H interactions between non-sequential residues, we restrict our studies to protein shapes that have the same number of residues and also a constant number of non-bonded contacts. We have found that there is a marked difference in the designability between various protein shapes, with some of them accounting for a significantly larger share of the total foldable sequences.
IOP Publishing Ltd
Peto, Myron; Kloczkowski, Andrzej; and Jernigan, Robert L., "Shape-dependent designability studies of lattice proteins" (2007). Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications. 183.