Campus Units

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

4-2004

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Biological Chemistry

Volume

279

Issue

18

First Page

18481

Last Page

18487

DOI

10.1074/jbc.M308811200

Abstract

Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase requires a divalent metal cation for catalysis, Mg2+being its most studied activator. Phosphatase activity increases sigmoidally with the concentration of Mg2+, but the mechanistic basis for such cooperativity is unknown. Bound magnesium cations can interact within a single subunit or between different subunits of the enzyme tetramer. Mutations of Asp118, Asp121, or Glu97 to alanine inactivate the recombinant porcine enzyme. These residues bind directly to magnesium cations at the active site. Three different hybrid tetramers of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase, composed of one wild-type subunit and three subunits bearing one of the mutations above, exhibit kinetic parameters (Km for fructose-1,6-bisphosphate, 1.1–1.8 μM; Ka for Mg2+, 0.34–0.76 mM; Ki for fructose-2,6-bisphosphate, 0.11–0.61 μM; and IC50 for AMP, 3.8–7.4 μM) nearly identical to those of the wild-type enzyme. Notwithstanding these similarities, thekcat parameter for each hybrid tetramer is approximately one-fourth of that for the wild-type enzyme. Evidently, each subunit in the wild-type tetramer can independently achieve maximum velocity when activated by Mg2+. Moreover, the activities of the three hybrid tetramers vary sigmoidally with the concentration of Mg2+ (Hill coefficients of ∼2). The findings above are fully consistent with a mechanism of cooperativity that arises from within a single subunit of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase.

Comments

This article is from Journal of Biological Chemistry 279 (2004): 18481, doi: 10.1074/jbc.M308811200. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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