In the summer of 1882 the writer had a fine opportunity for studying the character of tree and fruit of the European cherries from the valley of the Moselle in East France, eastward to the Volga in Russia. In the spring of 1883 we imported one year old trees o f the varieties which we decided to be most promising for trial on the prairies of the Northwest. These trees were set in orchards and have had hard U 6 a g e , as they have been exposed to the recent test summers and winters, that have killed out the trees young and old of the grade o f hardiness of the Early Richmond and English Morello, and in addition they have been cut mercilessly for scions in autumn - and buds in summer. A better opportunity for determining the relative hardiness of trees and perfection of foliage has not been given in the history of prairie settlement.
With this severe trial we are now pleased to report that many of the varieties have endured the tests as perfectly as our native plums such as DeSoto asmf Wolf, and have proven quite as hardy in fruit buds.
Budd, J. L.
"Promising new cherries,"
Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station): Vol. 2
, Article 6.
Available at: http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/bulletin/vol2/iss1/6