Campus Units

Chemistry, Ames Laboratory

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

1-1995

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Physical Chemistry

Volume

99

Issue

1

First Page

148

Last Page

153

DOI

10.1021/j100001a026

Abstract

The potential energy surface for the decomposition of CH3SiH2+ was studied by ub initio electronic structure theory. At the MP2/6-31G(d,p) level of theory, CH3SiH2+ is the only minimum energy structure on the SiCH5+ potential energy surface. Lower levels of theory reported that +CH2SiH3 was also a local minimum, about 40 kcal/mol higher in energy with only a small (ca. 1-2 kcdmol) banier for conversion back to CH3SiH2+. However, at higher levels of theory, the C, structure of +CHzSiH3 has an imaginary frequency, indicating that it is a saddle point rather than a local minimum on the potential energy surface. The 0 K reaction enthalpies for 1,1 -dehydrogenation from silicon, 1,2-dehydrogenation, 1,l -dehydrogenation from carbon, and demethanation were calculated to be 30.2,69.1, 107.3, and 45.3 kcdmol, respectively. Activation energies (0 K) were calculated at the MP4/6-311++G(2df,2pd) level of theory with the classical barriers subsequently adjusted for zero-point vibrational energies. The 0 K activation energies for 1,l-dehydrogenation from silicon, l,Zdehydrogenation, and demethanation are predicted to be 66.6, 72.7, and 73.0 kcavmol, respectively. All attempts to locate a transition state for the insertion of the carbene-like species, CHSiHZ+, into Hz (reverse of the 1,l-dehydrogenation from carbon) were unsuccessful. This is not surprising since analogous carbene insertions are known to occur without a barrier. Thus, we conclude that this 1,l-H2 elimination from carbon proceeds monotonically uphill. The closed-shell structures for the products of the above reactions (CH3Si+, CH2SiH+, and CHSiH2+) were calculated at the MP2/6-31G(p,d) level of theory. Finally, triplet products were also examined.

Comments

Reprinted (adapted) with permission from Journal of Physical Chemistry 99 (1995): 148, doi:10.1021/j100001a026. Copyright 1995 American Chemical Society.

Copyright Owner

American Chemical Society

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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