Title

A Protectionism Index for Non-Tariff Measures: An Application to Maximum Residue Levels

Campus Units

Economics

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Submitted Manuscript

Publication Date

2014

Journal or Book Title

Food Policy

Volume

45

First Page or Article ID Number

57

Last Page

68

DOI

10.1016/j.foodpol.2013.12.005

Abstract

We propose aggregation indices of Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) to quantify their protectionism relative to international standards of stringency. We apply the indices to national Maximum Residue Limit (MRL) regulations on pesticides and veterinary drugs affecting agricultural and food trade and using a science-based criteria embodied in Codex Alimentarius international standards. The approach links two streams of the NTM literature, one concerned with the aggregation of various NTMs into operational indices for econometric and modeling purposes, and the other attempting to evaluate the protectionism of NTMs. The data used in the application come from a large international dataset on veterinary and pesticide MRLs and CODEX MRL standards for a large set of countries.

JEL Classification

F13, Q17, Q18

Comments

This is a working paper of an article from Food Policy 45 (2014): 57, doi:10.1016/j.foodpol.2013.12.005. Posted with permission.