Title

Accession of the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland to the European Union: Impacts on Agricultural Markets

Campus Units

Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Economics

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Submitted Manuscript

Publication Date

2002

Journal or Book Title

The World Economy

Volume

25

Issue

3

First Page or Article ID Number

407

Last Page

428

DOI

10.1111/1467-9701.00439

Abstract

We analyse the consequences on agricultural markets of enlargement of the European Union (EU) to include the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland. We produce a market outlook up to 2010 for two enlargement scenarios assuming different policy restrictions on grain and dairy production in the acceding countries. Accession of the three Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) leads to a permanent but moderate decrease in EU prices for most commodities. In the three acceding CEECs, domestic prices increase drastically, final consumption of agricultural products decreases in most instances, while production increases. Higher domestic prices in the CEECs reduce exports of most commodities to non-union countries. Consequently, excess supplies are placed in stocks or exported to the original 15 member countries. Supply management mechanisms in the dairy and grain sectors would reduce the build-up of surpluses in the new member states, but limit their ability to take advantage of the expanded market. Accession of the three CEECs would increase the CAP budget over its proposed maximum if area payments are extended to incoming crop producers.

Comments

This is a working paper of an article from The World Economy 25 (2002): 407–428, doi:10.1111/1467-9701.00439.