Campus Units

Economics

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Version

Submitted Manuscript

Publication Date

2010

Journal or Book Title

Child Labor and the Transition between School and Work

Volume

31

Editors

Randall K.Q. Akee, Eric V. Edmonds, Konstantinos Tatsiramos

Publisher

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

First Page or Article ID Number

99

Last Page

133

DOI

10.1108/S0147-9121(2010)0000031007

Abstract

The health consequences of child labor may take time to manifest themselves. This study examines whether children who began working at a young age experience increased incidence of illness or physical disability as adults. When child labor and schooling are treated as chosen without consideration of unobserved abilities or health endowments, child labor appears to have small adverse effects on a wide variety of health measures. Some adverse health consequences such as heart disease or hypertension seem unlikely to be caused by child labor. However, when we allow unobserved health and ability endowments to alter the age of labor market entry and years of schooling completed, the joint effects of child labor and schooling on health become larger while the less plausible health consequences lose significance. Results imply that delaying entry into child labor while increasing time in school significantly lowers the probability of early onset of physical ailments such as back problems, arthritis, or reduced strength or stamina. However, our methods are not able to distinguish between the health impacts of child labor from the impacts of reduced time in school.

Comments

This chapter is © Emerald Group Publishing and permission has been granted for this version to appear here doi:10.1108/S0147-9121(2010)0000031007 . Emerald does not grant permission for this chapter to be further copied/distributed or hosted elsewhere without the express permission from Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Copyright Owner

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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