Title

Recent International and Regulatory Decisions About Geographical Indications

Campus Units

Economics

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Submitted Manuscript

Publication Date

2008

Journal or Book Title

Agribusiness: An International journal

Volume

24

Issue

4

First Page or Article ID Number

453

Last Page

472

DOI

10.1002/agr.20173

Abstract

As worldwide consumer demand for high-quality products and for information about these products increases, labels and geographical indications (GIs) can serve to signal quality traits to consumers; however, GI systems among countries are not homogeneous and can be used as trade barriers against competition. Philosophical differences between the European Union (EU) and the United States about how GIs should be registered and protected led to the formation of a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute-settlement panel. In this article, we discuss the issues behind the dispute, the WTO panel decision, and the EU response to the panel decision leading to the new Regulation 510/2006. Given the potential for GI labels to supply consumer information, context is provided for the discussion using recent literature on product labeling. Implications are drawn regarding the importance of the panel decision and the EU response relative to GI issues yet to be negotiated under the Doha Round.

JEL Classification

D8, F1, Q1

Comments

This is a working paper of an article from Agribusiness: International Journal, 24(2008); 453-472. Doi: 10.1002/agr.20173.