Genetically modified .organisms (GMO) crops have become increasingly popular with Iowa farmers over the past few,years. The current genetic modifications are focused on pest management technologies. Although there were early efforts by environmental activists to disrupt the adoption of GMO technology, few concerns were raised by U.S. food retailers and consumers., The primary concern was getting European Union (EU) regulatory-approval for each GMO crop variety event as late as spring 1999. The situation has changed dramatically in the last few months, and the current situation is highly uncertain. .
Miranowski, John A.; Moschini, Giancarlo; Babcock, Bruce A.; Duffy, Michael; Wisner, Robert; Beghin, John C.; Hayes, Dermot J.; Lence, Sergio H.; Baumel, C. Phillip; and Harl, Neil E., "Economic Perspectives on GMO Market Segregation" (1998). Economic Staff Paper Series. 296.