Campus Units

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Entomology, Genome Informatics Facility

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

4-2016

Journal or Book Title

Molecular Ecology

Volume

25

Issue

8

First Page

1769

Last Page

1784

DOI

10.1111/mec.13578

Abstract

Comparative genomics of social insects has been intensely pursued in recent years with the goal of providing insights into the evolution of social behaviour and its underlying genomic and epigenomic basis. However, the comparative approach has been hampered by a paucity of data on some of the most informative social forms (e.g. incipiently and primitively social) and taxa (especially members of the wasp family Vespidae) for studying social evolution. Here, we provide a draft genome of the primitively eusocial model insect Polistes dominula, accompanied by analysis of caste-related transcriptome and methylome sequence data for adult queens and workers. Polistes dominula possesses a fairly typical hymenopteran genome, but shows very low genomewide GC content and some evidence of reduced genome size. We found numerous caste-related differences in gene expression, with evidence that both conserved and novel genes are related to caste differences. Most strikingly, these –omics data reveal a major reduction in one of the major epigenetic mechanisms that has been previously suggested to be important for caste differences in social insects: DNA methylation. Along with a conspicuous loss of a key gene associated with environmentally responsive DNA methylation (the de novo DNA methyltransferase Dnmt3), these wasps have greatly reduced genomewide methylation to almost zero. In addition to providing a valuable resource for comparative analysis of social insect evolution, our integrative –omics data for this important behavioural and evolutionary model system call into question the general importance of DNA methylation in caste differences and evolution in social insects.

Comments

This article is from Molecular Ecology 25 (2016): 1769–1784, doi:10.1111/mec.13578. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

The authors

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Share

COinS