Campus Units

Entomology

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

5-2005

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Volume

53

Issue

12

First Page

4643

Last Page

4653

DOI

10.1021/jf040442k

Abstract

This paper reviews the scientific literature addressing the environmental fate and nontarget effects of the Cry protein toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), specifically resulting from their expression in transgenic crops. Published literature on analytical methodologies for the detection and quantification of the Cry proteins in environmental matrices is also reviewed, with discussion of the adequacy of the techniques for determining the persistence and mobility of the Bt proteins. In general, assessment of the nontarget effects of Bt protein toxins indicates that there is a low level of hazard to most groups of nontarget organisms, although some investigations are of limited ecological relevance. Some published reports on the persistence of the proteins in soil show short half-lives, whereas others show low-level residues lasting for many months. Improvements in analytical methods will allow a more complete understanding of the fate and significance of Bt proteins in the environment.

Comments

Reprinted (adapted) with permission from Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53 (2005): 4643, doi:10.1021/jf040442k. Copyright 2005 American Chemical Society.

Rights

One-time permission is granted only for the use specified in your request. No additional uses are granted (such as derivative works or other editions). For any other uses, please submit a new request.

Copyright Owner

American Chemical Society

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

Share

COinS