Journal or Book Title
Environmental Fate and Effects of Pesticides
Pendimethalin and trifluralin are current-use pesticides that have been previously reported as persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic. In the studies presented here, dissipation of aged and fresh residues of pendimethalin and trifluralin were evaluated in soil, as well as the bioavailability of residues to earthworms and the movement of pendimethalin in a soil column. In a separate study, pond water receiving runoff from a golf course was measured for the presence of pendimethalin. Dissipation measurements of pendimethalin and trifluralin in soil indicated very slow dissipation with 40-60% of the compounds extractable at 1026 days after the first measurement. In a second study, dissipation of pendimethalin was more rapid, however more than 30% was present after 310 days of soil treatment. Biovailability, as measured by earthworm biological accumulation factors, was reduced over time. Mobility of pendimethalin was very limited. Almost no downward movement was measured in the column study, and no detectable levels were found in runoff from turf grass.
American Chemical Society
Belden, J. B.; Phillips, T. A.; Henderson, K. L.; Clark, B. W.; Lydy, M. J.; and Coats, Joel R., "Persistence, Mobility, and Bioavailability of Pendimethalin and Trifluralin in Soil" (2003). Entomology Publications. 357.