Campus Units

Entomology

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

3-21-1991

Journal or Book Title

Pesticide Transformation Products

Volume

459

Issue

2

First Page

10

Last Page

30

DOI

10.1021/bk-1991-0459.ch002

Abstract

Pesticides are degraded by many different mechanisms. Physical, chemical, and biological agents play significant roles in the transformation of insecticide, herbicide, and fungicide molecules to various degradation products. Transformation mechanisms include oxidation, hydrolysis, reduction, hydration, conjugation, isomerization, and cyclization. Resultant products are usually less bioactive than the parent psticide molecule, but numerous cases have been documented of metabolites with greater bioactivity. The physical and chemical properties of the degradation products are also different from those of the parent compound, and their fate and significance in the environment also are altered with the structural changes. The concept of "environmental activation" is introduced, to describe the transformation of a pesticide to a degradation product that is of significance in the environment as a result of its environmental toxicology or chemistry.

Comments

Reprinted (adapted) with permission from Pesticide Transformation Products, 459(2); 10-30. Doi: 10.1021/bk-1991-0459.ch002. 1991 American Chemical Society.

Copyright Owner

American Chemical Society

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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