Campus Units

Agronomy, Food Science and Human Nutrition, Center for Crops Utilization Research

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

11-1997

Journal or Book Title

Cereal Chemistry

Volume

74

Issue

6

First Page

837

Last Page

841

DOI

10.1094/CCHEM.1997.74.6.837

Abstract

The variability in thermal properties among 62 S3 lines derived from a high-yielding exotic corn (Zea mays) population, Antigua 1 (PI 484990), was evaluated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The S3 lines were grown in Puerto Rico (1990–1991) and Georgia (1994). Separate single-kernel starch extractions for five kernels (five replicates) from each line grown in each location were performed, and the starch was analyzed. The DSC values reported included gelatinization onset (ToG), range (RG), enthalpy (ΔHG), and peak height index (PHI) and retrogradation onset (ToR), range (RR), enthalpy (ΔHR), and percent retrogradation (%R) (an indication of the stability of gelatinized starch after storing at 4°C for 7 days). Significant differences (P< 0.05) were found among the 62 lines of Antigua 1 for ToG, RG, and PHI and highly significant differences (P < 0.01) were found for ΔHG. The starches from plants grown in Georgia (1994) had significantly (P < 0.05) greater ToG, ΔHG, and PHI but a significantly lower RG than those from Puerto Rico (1990–1991). These data suggest that the starch from plants grown in Georgia (1994) might have a greater degree of crystallinity than that from Puerto Rico (1990–1991). None of the retrogradation values were significantly different among starches of the 62 lines of Antigua 1 and the starches from plants grown in the two locations.

Comments

This article is from Cereal Chemistry, November 1997, 74(6); 837-841. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/CCHEM.1997.74.6.837.

Rights

Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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