Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2009

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Volume

57

Issue

22

First Page

10579

Last Page

10589

DOI

10.1021/jf9023728

Abstract

Prunella vulgaris has been used therapeutically for inflammation-related conditions for centuries, but systematic studies of its anti-inflammatory activity are lacking and no specific active components have been identified. In this study, water and ethanol extracts of four P. vulgaris accessions were applied to RAW 264.7 mouse macrophages, and the ethanol extracts significantly inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and nitric oxide (NO) production at 30 μg/mL without affecting cell viability. Extracts from different accessions of P. vulgaris were screened for anti-inflammatory activity to identify accessions with the greatest activity. The inhibition of PGE2 and NO production by selected extracts was dose-dependent, with significant effects seen at concentrations as low as 10 μg/mL. Fractionation of ethanol extracts from the active accession, Ames 27664, suggested fractions 3 and 5 as possible major contributors to the overall activity. Rosmarinic acid (RA) content inP. vulgaris was found to independently inhibit inflammatory response, but it only partially explained the extracts’ activity. LPS-induced cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein expression were both attenuated by P. vulgaris ethanol extracts, whereas RA inhibited only COX-2 expression.

Comments

Posted with permission from Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 57, no. 22 (2009): 10579–10589, doi:10.1021/jf9023728. Copyright 2009 American Chemical Society.

Copyright Owner

American Chemical Society

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf