Journal or Book Title
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
The reaction of fumonisin B1 with the reducing sugar D-glucose can block the primary amine group of fumonisin B1 and may detoxify this mycotoxin. A method to separate hundred milligram quantities of fumonisin B1-glucose reaction products from the excess D-glucose with a reversed-phase C18 cartridge was developed. Mass spectrometry revealed that there were four primary products in this chain reaction when fumonisin B1 was heated with D-glucose at 65 C for 48 h: N-methyl-fumonisin B1, N-carboxymethyl-fumonisin B1, N-(3-hydroxyacetonyl)-fumonisin B1, and N-(2-hydroxy, 2-car- boxyethyl)-fumonisin B1. The N-(1-deoxy-D-fructos-1-yl) fumonisin B1 (fumonisin B1-glucose Schiff’s base) was detected by mass spectrometry when fumonisin B1 was heated with D-glucose at 60 C. The nonenzymatic browning reaction of fumonisin B1 with excess D-glucose followed apparent first- order kinetics. The activation energy, Ea, was 105.7 kJ/mol. Fumonisin B1 in contaminated corn could precipitate the nonenzymatic browning reaction with 0.1 M D-glucose at 60 and 80
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American Chemical Society
Lu, Yun; Clifford, Laura; Hauck, Catherine C.; Hendrich, Suzanne; Osweiler, Gary; and Murphy, Patricia A., "Characterization of Fumonisin B1-GlucoseReaction Kinetics and Products" (2002). Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications. 94.