Genetics, Development and Cell Biology
Journal or Book Title
The limiting-CO2 inducible CO2 concentrating mechanism (CCM) of microalgae represents an effective strategy to capture CO2 when its availability is limited. At least two limiting-CO2 acclimation states, termed low CO2 and very-low CO2, have been demonstrated in the model microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, and many questions still remain unanswered regarding both the regulation of these acclimation states and the molecular mechanism underlying operation of the CCM in these two states. This study examines the role of two proteins, LCIA (also named NAR1.2) and LCIB, in the CCM of C. reinhardtii. The identification of an LCIA-LCIB double mutant based on its inability to survive in very-low CO2 suggests that both LCIA and LCIB are critical for survival in very-low CO2. The contrasting impacts of individual mutations in LCIB and LCIA in comparison with the impacts of LCIB-LCIA double mutations on growth and Ci-dependent photosynthetic O2 evolution reveal distinct roles of LCIA and LCIB in the CCM. While both LCIA and LCIB are essential for very-low CO2 acclimation, LCIB appears to function in a CO2 uptake system, while LCIA appears to be associated with a HCO3- transport system. The contrasting and complementary roles of LCIA and LCIB in acclimation to low CO2 and very-low CO2 suggest a possible mechanism of differential regulation of the CCM based on the inhibition of HCO3- transporters by moderate to high levels of CO2.
American Society of Plant Biologists
Wang, Yingjun and Spalding, Martin H., "Acclimation to very-low CO2: Contribution of LCIB and LCIA to inorganic carbon uptake in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii" (2014). Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications. 170.