Iowa State University Veterinarian Records, RS 22/6/0/9, University Archives, Special Collections Department, Iowa State University, http://www.add.lib.iastate.edu/spcl/arch/rgrp/22-6-0-9.html
Venomous snakes occur throughout a very wide geographic area within the United States. In certain areas of the country, snakebites in dogs are diagnosed on a regular basis during the warm months of the year when snakes are most active and people and their pets are most likely to be spending time in areas that snakes inhabit. The best treatment for snakebite is a controversial subject among veterinarians and there is no single treatment protocol. Therefore, it is necessary for a clinician to understand the pathophysiology behind envenomation in order to make educated decisions as to the treatment of each individual patient.
Senter, David and Carson, Tom
"Pit Viper Envenomation In Dogs: Pathophysiology and Treatment,"
Iowa State University Veterinarian: Vol. 61
, Article 8.
Available at: http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/iowastate_veterinarian/vol61/iss1/8