A considerable portion of Iowa's cropland is regarded as highly erodible. While the statewide average soil loss for Iowa cropland in 1993 was 6.2 tons per acre, much of the sloping land erodes at a higher rate (five tons per acre per year is considered the replacement rate). To protect these highly erodible areas, emphasis has been placed in recent years on leaving as much residue as feasible on these crop fields during the fall and spring. Reduced tillage systems, especially those involving notill, have increased markedly; as a result, over 50% of Iowa's cropland, primarily corn and soybeans, has more than 50% of its surface covered with residue.
Thomas C. Kaspar, Keith A. Kohler
Year of Grant Completion
Horton, Robert Jr.; Kaspar, Thomas C.; and Kohler, Keith A., "Fall-planted spring oats: A low-risk cover crop to reduce erosion following soybean" (1994). Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports. 47.