Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-11-2013

Journal or Book Title

Optics Express

Volume

21

Issue

5

First Page

5822

Last Page

5832

DOI

10.1364/OE.21.005822

Abstract

This paper presents a two-frequency binary phase-shifting technique to measure three-dimensional (3D) absolute shape of beating rabbit hearts. Due to the low contrast of the cardiac surface, the projector and the camera must remain focused, which poses challenges for any existing binary method where the measurement accuracy is low. To conquer this challenge, this paper proposes to utilize the optimal pulse width modulation (OPWM) technique to generate high-frequency fringe patterns, and the error-diffusion dithering technique to produce low-frequency fringe patterns. Furthermore, this paper will show that fringe patterns produced with blue light provide the best quality measurements compared to fringe patterns generated with red or green light; and the minimum data acquisition speed for high quality measurements is around 800 Hz for a rabbit heart beating at 180 beats per minute.

Comments

This article is from Optics Express 21 (2013): 5822–5832, doi:10.1364/OE.21.005822. Posted with permission.

Rights

This paper was published in Optics Express and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. The paper can be found at the following URL on the OSA website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.005822. Systematic or multiple reproduction or distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.

Copyright Owner

Optical Society of America

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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