A directional antenna made with photonic band gap structures has been presented. The directional antenna is formed with two photonic band gap structures oriented back to back and separated from each other by a distance to form a resonant cavity between the photonic band gap structures. An antenna element is placed in the resonant cavity. The resonant frequency of the cavity is tuned by adjusting the distance between the photonic band gap structures. The resonant cavity can be asymmetrical or symmetrical.
US 6,593,894 B1
Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
Biswas, Rana; Tuttle, Gary L.; Ozbay, Ekmel; Temelkuran, Burak; Sigalas, Mihail; and Ho, Kai-Ming, "Highly directional receiver and source antennas using photonic band gap crystals" (2003). Iowa State University Patents. 290.