Journal or Book Title
In order to overcome some physical limits, a solar system consisting of five single-junction photocells with four optical filters is studied. The four filters divide the solar spectrum into five spectral regions. Each single-junction photocell with the highest photovoltaic efficiency in a narrower spectral region is chosen to optimally fit into the bandwidth of that spectral region. Under the condition of solar radiation ranging from 2.4 SUN to 3.8 SUN (AM1.5G), the measured peak efficiency under 2.8 SUN radiation reaches about 35.6%, corresponding to an ideal efficiency of about 42.7%, achieved for the photocell system with a perfect diode structure. Based on the detailed-balance model, the calculated theoretical efficiency limit for the system consisting of 5 single-junction photocells can be about 52.9% under 2.8 SUN (AM1.5G) radiation, implying that the ratio of the highest photovoltaic conversion efficiency for the ideal photodiode structure to the theoretical efficiency limit can reach about 80.7%. The results of this work will provide a way to further enhance the photovoltaic conversion efficiency for solar cell systems in future applications.
The Optical Society of America
Zhou, Yuan; Sheng, Ming-Yu; Zhou, Wei-Xi; Shen, Yan; Hu, Er-Tao; Chen, Jian-Bo; Xu, Min; Zheng, Yu-Xiang; Lee, Young-Pak; Lynch, David W.; and Chen, Liang-Yao, "A solar photovoltaic system with ideal efficiency close to the theoretical limit" (2012). Physics and Astronomy Publications. 121.