Plant Pathology and Microbiology
Journal or Book Title
Vector-borne pathogens influence host characteristics relevant to host–vector contact, increasing pathogen transmission and survival. Previously, we demonstrated that infection with Turnip mosaic virus, a member of one of the largest families of plant-infecting viruses, increases vector attraction and reproduction on infected hosts. These changes were due to a single viral protein, NIa-Pro. Here we show that NIa-Pro responds to the presence of the aphid vector during infection by relocalizing to the vacuole. Remarkably, vacuolar localization is required for NIa-Pro’s ability to enhance aphid reproduction on host plants, vacuole localization disappears when aphids are removed, and this phenomenon occurs for another potyvirus, Potato virus Y, suggesting a conserved role for the protein in vector–host interactions. Taken together, these results suggest that potyviruses dynamically respond to the presence of their vectors, promoting insect performance and transmission only when needed.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Bak, Aurélie; Cheung, Andrea L.; Yang, Chunling; Whitham, Steven A.; and Casteel, Clare L., "A viral protease relocalizes in the presence of the vector to promote vector performance" (2017). Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications. 207.