Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-2009

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Youth & Adolescence

Volume

38

Issue

2

First Page

175

Last Page

188

DOI

10.1007/s10964-008-9346-z

Abstract

Prior research demonstrates negative consequences of racism, however, little is known about community, parenting, and intrapersonal mechanisms that protect youth. Using a mixed-methods approach, this study illuminated linkages between positive and negative contextual influences on rural African American adolescent outcomes. Quantitative results provide support for Structural Ecosystems Theory, in that the influence of discrimination and collective socialization on adolescent outcomes was mediated by racial socialization and positive parenting. Parenting and community influences contributed to adolescent racial identity and self image, which protected against common negative responses to racism; including academic underachievement, succumbing to peer pressure, and aggressive tendencies. Qualitative results indicate that current measures of discrimination may underestimate adolescents’ experiences. Adolescents reported racist experiences in the domains of school, peers, and with the police (males only). Moreover, qualitative findings echoed and expanded quantitative results with respect to the importance of the protective nature of parents and communities.

Comments

This is a post-print of an article from Journal of Youth and Adolescence 38, no. 2 (2009): 175–188, doi:10.1007/s10964-008-9346-z.

Copyright Owner

Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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