The distribution of total dry matter accumulation or biological yield in crop plants is very important in achieving high crop yields. In crop plants where the seed portion constitutes the product of economic or agricultural yield it is desirable that a greater proportion of available energy will be utilized for seed than nonseed production. The proportion of biological yield represented by economic yield was defined as harvest index (HI) by Donald (1962) and as seed yield efficiency (S.Y.E.) by Joshi and Smith (1976).
Dadson, R. B.; Joshi, J. M.; Wells, P.; and Murphy, L.
"Research Notes : Harvest index of selected soybean germplasm,"
Soybean Genetics Newsletter: Vol. 10
, Article 22.
Available at: http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/soybeangenetics/vol10/iss1/22