Journal or Book Title
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) is a popular noninvasive modality to investigate activation in the human brain. The end result of most fMRI experiments is an activation map corresponding to the given paradigm. These maps can vary greatly from one study to the next, so quantifying the reliability of identified activation over several fMRI studies is important. The percent overlap of activation (Rombouts et al., 1998 and Machielsen et al., 2000) is a global reliability measure between activation maps drawn from any two fMRI studies. A slightly modified but more intuitive measure is provided by the Jaccard (1901) coefficient of similarity, whose use we study in this paper. A generalization of these measures is also proposed to comprehensively summarize the reliability of multiple fMRI studies. Finally, a testing mechanism to flag potentially anomalous studies is developed. The methodology is illustrated on studies involving left- and right-hand motor task paradigms performed by a right-hand dominant male subject several times over a period of two months, with excellent results.
Maitra, Ranjan, "A re-defined and generalized percent-overlap-of-activation measure for studies of fMRI reproducibility and its use in identifying outlier activation maps" (2010). Statistics Publications. 73.