Campus Units

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, Biomedical Sciences

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

2015

Journal or Book Title

Journal of Swine Health and Production

Volume

23

Issue

1

First Page

28

Last Page

34

Abstract

The objectives of this investigation were to evaluate the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in pigs of different age groups, to determine if 25(OH)D concentrations varied with season, and to assess the quality of vitamin D supplements used in swine diets from multiple commercial suppliers. Serum samples (n = 1200) submitted to a diagnostic laboratory for routine surveillance were assayed for serum 25(OH)D concentrations. Vitamin D premix samples were obtained from suppliers and analyzed at two laboratories over a 9-month period. In all age categories, 25(OH)D concentrations in numerous serum samples were lower than reference values. In the nursery, finisher, and boar age categories, there was a difference between the months of January and June (P < .05), with June samples containing higher quantities of circulating 25(OH)D. Serum samples from outdoor herds had higher 25(OH)D concentrations than samples from confined pigs (P < .01). Among the supplement samples evaluated, no individual supplement had a concentration of 25(OH)D significantly lower than 500,000 IU per g. These results revealed that commercial swine may be deficient in serum vitamin D at varying times of the year, and feed-supplement concentrations may vary.

Comments

This article is from Journal of Swine Health and Production 23 (2015): 28. Posted with permission.

Copyright Owner

American Association of Swine Veterinarians

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf