Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

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Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

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Biosystems Engineering



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Animal Production Systems Engineering




Current thermal environment (TE) assessment techniques for controlling livestock and poultry facilities often solely use dry-bulb temperature (Tdb) and occasionally relative humidity (RH) as assessment parameters. The TE sensor array (TESA; Part 1) provides the opportunity to simultaneously quantify Tdb, RH, airspeed, and black globe temperature, but there are no existing methods incorporating these additional TE parameters to accurately assess the TE based on the thermal demands of the animal. Hence, the goal of Part 2 of this series was to develop a technique for evaluating the TE as a function of mean body temperature difference from thermally comfortable (ΔTb) using body mass, Tdb, RH, and airspeed inputs. Multiple regression analysis of the simulated data from the mechanistic thermal balance model for group-housed growing pigs was used to develop the Housed Swine Heat Stress Index (HS2I), which scales impact of the TE from 0 (thermally comfortable) to 10 (severe heat stress). Further, a wetted skin adjustment parameter was included to enable analysing TE with sprinklers. Simulated and predicted ΔTb agreed well without wetted skin (R2 = 0.98; RMSE = 0.061 °C) and with wetted skin (R2 = 0.97; RMSE = 0.054 °C). The HS2I was applied to assess the spatiotemporal TE data collected by TESA in the commercial grow-finish facility presented in Part 1. HS2I can be used to evaluate the potential impact of the TE in existing facilities and as a design tool to explore different ventilation and cooling strategies.


This is a manuscript of an article published as Ramirez, Brett C., Steven J. Hoff, and Jay D. Harmon. "Thermal environment sensor array: Part 2 applying the data to assess grow-finish pig housing." Biosystems Engineering 174 (2018): 341-351. DOI: 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2018.08.003. Posted with permission.

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