Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Campus Units

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

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Publication Version

Accepted Manuscript

Publication Date


Journal or Book Title

Journal of Animal Science

Research Focus Area(s)

Biological and Process Engineering and Technology




Two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of oven drying (OD) or freeze drying (FD) on apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of amino acids (AA) in diets fed to pigs. In Exp. 1, 15 barrows (88.4 ± 6.4 kg) were allotted to either a corn starch-soybean meal (CST), potato starch-soybean meal (PST), or corn-soybean meal (CSBM) diet, over 2 collection periods. Following collection, samples were pooled within pig and subdivided into either OD or FD, resulting in 10 observations per diet by drying method combination. In Exp. 2, 11 barrows (63.3 ± 3.8 kg) were fed a CST diet and following collection, samples were pooled within pig and subdivided and either adjusted to pH 4 or remain unadjusted. Subsets of these samples were then subdivided to be either FD or OD, resulting in 11 observations per pH level by drying method combination. Oven drying was accomplished by drying samples in a forced air oven at either 100°C (Exp. 1) or 75°C (Exp. 2). In Exp. 1, there were no diet-type by drying-method interactions noted for any of the AA (P > 0.10). Oven drying resulted in a higher AID of AA compared to samples which were FD (P ≤ 0.10), for all AA except for Gly and Tyr. Averaged across all AA, AID of AA was 3.3% greater if the sample was OD compared to FD. Differences in AID of AA among the 3 diets was noted for all AA (P ≤ 0.07), except for Cys (P = 0.33), due to the fact that CST and PST diets only contained soybean meal (SBM) as an AA-providing ingredient while the CSBM diet contained both corn and SBM. Pigs fed the PST diet had greater SID for all AA compared to pigs fed the CST diet (P ≤ 0.05), except for His, Lys, Cys, and Glu. In Exp. 2, there were no pH-adjustment by drying-method interactions noted on AID for any of the AA (P > 0.10). Adjusting ileal digesta to a pH of 4.0 had little effect on AID for most of the AA, except for a lowered AID of Arg, His, Lys, Trp, and Ser (P ≤ 0.10). Oven drying resulted in a higher AID for all AA (P ≤ 0.09) except for Ile, Thr, Val, Ala, Asp, Glu, and Gly. Averaged across all AA, the increase in AID of AA was 1.7% greater if the sample was OD compared to FD. On average, OD of ileal digesta resulted in 2.5% greater estimate of AID of AA compared to samples that were FD, and was not diet-, pH-, or AA-dependent. Because the majority of the data on AA digestibility are based on FD, a bias factor may be necessary to adjust AA digestibility data obtained on an OD-basis relative to a FD-basis for use in feed formulation.


This is a manuscript of an article published as Kerr, Brian J., Shelby M. Curry, and Brett C. Ramirez. "Lack of interactive effects between diet composition or acid addition with drying method on amino acid digestibility values in porcine ileal digesta." Journal of Animal Science (2020). DOI: 10.1093/jas/skaa026.




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