Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Food Science and Human Nutrition, Environmental Science, Toxicology
Journal or Book Title
Journal of Environmental Management
Research Focus Area(s)
Biological and Process Engineering and Technology, Land and Water Resources Engineering
Phosphorus (P) is a limited yet essential resource. P cannot be replaced, but it can be recovered from waste. We proposed the TRIZ approach (Teoria reszenija izobretatielskich zadacz - Rus., Theory of Inventive Problem Solving - Eng.) to identify a feasible solution. We aimed at minimizing the environmental impact and, by eliminating contradictions, proposed viable technical solutions. P recovery can be more sustainable based on circular economy and 4Rs (reduction, recovery, reuse, and recycling). The TRIZ approach identified sewage sludge (SS) as waste with a large potential for P recovery (up to 90%). Successful selection and application of SS management and P recovery require a transdisciplinary approach to overcome the various socio-economic, environmental, technical, and legal aspects. The review provides an understanding of principles that must be taken to improve understanding of the whole process of P recovery from wastewater while building on the last two decades of research.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Jama-Rodzeńska, Anna; Białowiec, Andrzej; Koziel, Jacek A.; and Sowiński, Józef, "Waste to phosphorus: A transdisciplinary solution to P recovery from wastewater based on the TRIZ approach" (2021). Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications. 1192.