Journal or Book Title
Transactions of the ASABE
Accurate ventilation rate (VR) data are essential to maximizing the quality of aerial emission measurements. The Fan Assessment Numeration System (FANS) has been widely used by U.S. researchers in measuring aerial emissions from mechanically ventilated livestock and poultry facilities. The FANS device is used to measure airflow rates of ventilation fans in situ, thereby developing fan performance curves under field conditions. The FANS device was originally intended to be placed upstream of the fan to be calibrated. However, certain field situations make it impractical to apply the FANS device as such. This study was conducted to assess use of the FANS device downstream of a ventilation fan, with the gaps between the FANS device and the discharge cone of the exhaust fan sealed using a non-permeable fabric. Nine exhaust fans (1.22 or 1.32 m diameter) in laying hen and turkey houses were tested with the FANS device placed upstream and downstream for a building static pressure range of 10 to 40 Pa. The results revealed that downstream placement of the FANS device yielded 0.6% ±0.4% to 4.0% ±0.9 % (mean ±SE) higher but not significantly different (P > 0.28) VR values as compared to upstream placement for the exhaust fans tested. This magnitude of discrepancy is considered acceptable for in situ measurement of fan performance.
American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Li, Hong; Xin, Hongwei; Li, Shuhai; and Burns, Robert T., "Technical Note: Upstream vs. Downstream Placement of FANS Device to Determine Ventilation Fan Performance in Situ" (2009). Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications. 192.