Journal or Book Title
Transactions of the ASAE
Acoustic transmission and impact force response methods were investigated for classification of soybeans. The transmission method was slow and not suitable for real-time application. A polynomial was fitted to the deconvolved frequency spectrum of acoustic impulse data for soybeans. The curve fitting procedure successfully predicted the mass of each soybean. The size of soybeans was related to the bandwidth. Diseased soybeans consistently showed narrower bandwidths than healthy soybeans. The diseased and damaged soybeans had broad variations in low frequency which was quantifiable by threshholding the error of fit in the curve fitting procedure.
American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Misra, Manjit K.; Koerner, B.; Pate, A.; and Burger, C. P., "Acoustic Properties of Soybeans" (1990). Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications. 547.