Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
Journal or Book Title
Local wastewater treatment authorities levy surcharges from their non-residential customers that are based, in part, on the concentration of various pollutants in the customer's wastewater. Blood has long been recognized as the most potent contributor to pollutant loads in chicken processing plant wastewater. Quantification of the impact of blood on wastewater characteristics and sewage surcharges is hindered by lack of information on specific characteristics of chicken blood, and by the highly variable methods used by local authorities for calculating surcharges. In this study, the most commonly used wastewater characteristics are determined for whole chicken blood as well as its individual components. The characteristics measured include biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, total suspended solids, fats oil and grease, total Kjeldahl nitrogen, ammonia, and total phosphorus. Sewage surcharge calculation methods were collected from 71 local wastewater authorities. The results show all components of the blood to be extremely high-strength pollutants. The impact of blood on sewage surcharges is shown to be highly variable depending on the rates applied by the local authority.
This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.
Garcia, R. A.; Nieman, C. M.; Haylock, R. A.; Rosentrater, Kurt A.; and Piazza, G. J., "The effect of chicken blood and its components on wastewater characteristics and sewage surcharges" (2016). Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications. 757.