Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Campus Units

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Food Science and Human Nutrition, Center for Bioplastics and Biocomposites, Statistics

Document Type

Article

Publication Version

Published Version

Publication Date

2017

Journal or Book Title

The Journal of Technology, Management, and Applied Engineering

Volume

33

Issue

1

First Page

2

Last Page

20

Research Focus Area(s)

Biological and Process Engineering and Technology

Abstract

Biorenewable plastics can have the potential to reduce pollution, demand on landfills, and dependence on foreign petroleum caused by petroleum-based plastics. To determine the performance of biobased utensils compared to petrochemical based utensils, this study investigated 13 bio-based/biorenewable utensils and six petrochemical utensils in terms of weight, stiffness, and specific stiffness (stiffness/weight ratio). The Commercial Item Description (CID), which was created by the U.S. Government via the General Services Administration (GSA), is the current standard for testing utensils. The biobased products selected for this study were “commercial or industrial products (other than food or feed) that are composed, in whole, or in significant part, of biological products, renewable agricultural materials (including plant, animal, and marine materials), or forestry materials.” (USDA Bio Preferred Program, 2012). The results of this study show that the majority of biobased products exhibited similar strength and deflection under a given load as petrochemical products. This is the first comparison of this kind and it will allow designers and manufacturers to further optimize their products.

Comments

This article is published as B. Demmer, S. Devlin, R. Stephenson and D. Grewell, "Comparison and Analysis of Flexibility for Cutlery Made from Biobased/ Biodegradable and Petrochemical Materials," Journal of Technology, Management and Applied Engineering, 3, no. 1 (2017) 2-20.

Copyright Owner

ATMAE

Language

en

File Format

application/pdf

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