Aerospace Engineering, Computer Science, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Mathematics, Virtual Reality Applications Center
Journal or Book Title
Lecture Notes in Computer Science
SAT-based techniques comprise the state-of-the-art in functional verification of safety-critical hardware and software, including IC3/PDR-based model checking and Bounded Model Checking (BMC). BMC is the incontrovertible best method for unsafety checking, aka bug-finding. Complementary Approximate Reachability (CAR) and IC3/PDR complement BMC for bug-finding by detecting different sets of bugs. To boost the efficiency of formal verification, we introduce heuristics involving intersection and rotation of the assumption literals used in the SAT encodings of these techniques. The heuristics generate smaller unsat cores and diverse satisfying assignments that help in faster convergence of these techniques, and have negligible runtime overhead. We detail these heuristics, incorporate them in CAR, and perform an extensive experimental evaluation of their performance, showing a 25% boost in bug-finding efficiency of CAR.We contribute a detailed analysis of the effectiveness of these heuristics: their influence on SAT-based bug-finding enables detection of different bugs from BMCbased checking. We find the new heuristics are applicable to IC3/PDR-based algorithms as well, and contribute a modified clause generalization procedure.
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Dureja, Rohit; Li, Jianwen; Pu, Geguang; Vardi, Moshe Y.; and Rozier, Kristin Yvonne, "Intersection and Rotation of Assumption Literals Boosts Bug-Finding" (2020). Aerospace Engineering Publications. 151.