Perceptions of Transformational Leadership Behaviors and Subordinates' Performance in Hotels

Eric A. Brown, Iowa State University
Susan W. Arendt, Iowa State University

This is a manuscript of an article in Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism 10 (2010): 45, doi:10.1080/15332845.2010.500205. Posted with permission.


This study examined front desk supervisors' transformational leadership dimensions and employees' performance. The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire and a researcher developed performance questionnaire were used. Employees from 34 hotels (83% response) in one Midwestern state participated in the study. Results indicated that front desk employees perceived their supervisors exhibited leadership dimensions of inspirational motivation and idealized influence more frequently and individualized consideration and intellectual stimulation less frequently. Front desk supervisors reported the most frequently exhibited performance areas as positive attitude, safety/care of equipment, and attendance/punctuality. Least frequently exhibited performance areas were judgment and initiative/motivation. No significant relationship was found between supervisors' transformational leadership dimensions and employees' performance. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed.