The long-awaited replacement to the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008,1 which was to expire in 2012, but was extended by the Congress for one more year,2 languished as the Agriculture Reform, Food and Jobs Act of 20133 with the substantial differences reconciled on January 27, 2014, passed by both Houses of Congress and was signed by the President on February 7, 2014 as the Agricultural Act of 2014, hereinafter “Ag Act.”4 Failure to pass the legislation would have activated the 1938 legislation5 and the 1949 legislation6 both of which were permanent legislation and would have gone into effect by default had the Congress failed to enact replacement legislation for the 2008 Act.



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