Journal or Book Title
Soil Science Society of America Journal
Soil bulk density (ρb) is a key indicator of soil compaction and soil health that relates to water infiltration, plant rooting depth, nutrient availability, and soil microbial activity. Under field conditions, ρb usually varies with time and depth because of agronomic practices, root growth, and environmental processes (e.g., rainfall events, wetting/drying, and freezing/thawing). The traditional technique (i.e., the coring method) for determining ρb has the problems of destructive sampling, labor intensive, and is unable to capture the spatial and temporal variations. In a chapter of the recent Methods of Soil Analysis book, we present a review of the theory, instrumentation, and procedures of the thermo–time domain reflectometry (thermo-TDR) technique for monitoring in situ ρb (Lu et al., 2017).
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Soil Science Society of America
Lu, Yili; Liu, Xiaona; Zhang, Meng; Heitman, Joshua; Horton, Robert; and Ren, Tusheng, "Summary of Thermo–Time Domain Reflectometry Method: Advances in Monitoring In Situ Soil Bulk Density" (2018). Agronomy Publications. 472.