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Corn tassel is a by-product from hybrid corn seed production and a new source of phytochemicals including compounds with antioxidant activity. Four tassel development stages were evaluated in eight commercial corn varieties. Corn varieties and tassel developmental stages showed significant variations (P0.01) for all parameters. Total phenolic content and antioxidant activity were highest in field corn. KGW1, a purple waxy variety, had the highest anthocyanin content and carotenoid content at tassel development stages at 50% and 75% of pollen shed, whereas the tassel developmental stages at the 1st day of pollen shed and 50% of pollen shed had the highest of anthocyanin yield and carotenoid yield. The most suitable time for tassel harvest should be between the 1st day of pollen shed to 50% of pollen shed. Phytochemicals and antioxidants that are extracted from corn tassel can be used as a functional food supplement, natural pharmaceuticals and cosmetic products.
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Duangpapeng, Prakasit; Ketthaisong, Danupol; Lomthaisong, Khomsorn; Lertrat, Kamol; Scott, Marvin Paul; and Suriharn, Bhalang, "Corn Tassel: A New Source of Phytochemicals and Antioxidants Potential for Value-added Products Development in Agro-industry" (2018). Agronomy Publications. 528.